Workshop Exercise - Projects & Job Templates

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Table Contents

Objective

An Ansible automation controller Project is a logical collection of Ansible playbooks. You can manage your playbooks by placing them into a source code management (SCM) system supported by automation controller such as Git or Subversion.

This exercise covers:

Guide

Setup Git Repository

For this demonstration we will use playbooks stored in a Git repository:

https://github.com/ansible/workshop-examples

A playbook to install the Apache web server has already been committed to the directory rhel/apache, apache_install.yml:

---
- name: Apache server installed
  hosts: web

  tasks:
  - name: latest Apache version installed
    yum:
      name: httpd
      state: latest

  - name: latest firewalld version installed
    yum:
      name: firewalld
      state: latest

  - name: firewalld enabled and running
    service:
      name: firewalld
      enabled: true
      state: started

  - name: firewalld permits http service
    firewalld:
      service: http
      permanent: true
      state: enabled
      immediate: yes

  - name: Apache enabled and running
    service:
      name: httpd
      enabled: true
      state: started

Tip

Note the difference to other playbooks you might have written! Most importantly there is no become and hosts is set to all.

To configure and use this repository as a Source Control Management (SCM) system in automation controller you have to create a Project that uses the repository

Create the Project

Parameter Value
Name Workshop Project
Organization Default
Default Execution Environment Default execution environment
Source Control Credential Type Git

Enter the URL into the Project configuration:

Parameter Value
Source Control URL https://github.com/ansible/workshop-examples.git
Options Select Clean, Delete, Update Revision on Launch to request a fresh copy of the repository and to update the repository when launching a job.

The new project will be synced automatically after creation. But you can also do this manually: Sync the Project again with the Git repository by going to the Projects view and clicking the circular arrow Sync Project icon to the right of the Project.

After starting the sync job, go to the Jobs view: there is a new job for the update of the Git repository.

Create a Job Template and Run a Job

A job template is a definition and set of parameters for running an Ansible job. Job templates are useful to execute the same job many times. So before running an Ansible Job from automation controller you must create a Job Template that pulls together:

Okay, let’s just do that: Go to the Resources -> Templates view, click the Add button and choose Add job template.

Tip

Remember that you can often click on magnfying glasses to get an overview of options to pick to fill in fields.

Parameter Value
Name Install Apache
Job Type Run
Inventory Workshop Inventory
Project Workshop Project
Execution Environment Default execution environment
Playbook rhel/apache/apache_install.yml
Credentials Workshop Credential
Limit web
Options tasks need to run as root so check **Privilege Escalation**

You can start the job by directly clicking the blue Launch button, or by clicking on the rocket in the Job Templates overview. After launching the Job Template, you are automatically brought to the job overview where you can follow the playbook execution in real time:

Job Details job details

Job Run job_run

Since this might take some time, have a closer look at all the details provided:

After the Job has finished go to the main Jobs view: All jobs are listed here, you should see directly before the Playbook run an Source Control Update was started. This is the Git update we configured for the Project on launch!

Challenge Lab: Check the Result

Time for a little challenge:

You have already been through all the steps needed, so try this for yourself.

Tip

What about systemctl status httpd?

Warning

Solution Below

Within the Details window, select Module command, in Arguments type systemctl status httpd and click Next.

Within the Execution Environment window, select Default execution environment and click Next.

Within the Machine Credential window, select Workshop Credential and click Launch.

Tip

The output of the results is displayed once the command has completed.


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